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Networks & Associations

FMO is a member of various (inter)national associations in the fields of green and inclusive finance, poverty alleviation and sustainability. Working together with organizations such as IFC and UNEP, we aim to set industry standards and operational criteria that contribute to a fairer, and more sustainable future.

Below you find a selection of initiatives and organizations that we endorse.   

European partners

European Development
Finance Institute (EDFI)


FMO is a member of EDFI. EDFI is an association of 16 bilateral institutions operating in developing and reforming economies. By promoting economically, environmentally and socially sustainable development through financing and investing in profitable private sector enterprises, they aim to foster growth in sustainable business, help to reduce poverty and to improve people's lives.

EDFI strives to strengthen information flow and cooperation between its members and other bilateral, multilateral and regional development finance institutions.

European Financing Partners (EFP)


EUROPEAN FINANCING PARTNERS S.A. is a private limited liability company established under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and is owned by 14 shareholders.

The funding capacity of EFP is provided by the European Investment Bank (EIB) and by 12 EDFI members including FMO.

The operational structure of EFP is unique among the institutional investors, and is characterised by an efficient and fast track process with low administrative overheads.

Inclusive finance

UN Principles for Investors in Inclusive Finance (PIFF)

In January 2011, FMO was the first development bank to sign the Principles for Investors in Inclusive Finance (PIIF), an initiative co-developed by UNPRI.

By signing the principles, FMO emphasized its commitment to fair treatment and protection of the interests of the ultimate client in inclusive finance - low-income households and small and medium enterprises.

The PIIF were developed in response to growing interest in  inclusive finance and demand for investor guidance. They are an initiative of investors and Her Royal Highness Princess Máxima of the Netherlands, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development.

Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP)

CGAP is an independent policy and research center dedicated to advancing financial access for the world's poor.

It is supported by over 30 development agencies and private foundations who share a common mission to alleviate poverty.

Housed at the World Bank, CGAP provides market intelligence, promotes standards, develops innovative solutions and offers advisory services to governments, financial service providers, donors, and investors.


UN Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI)

FMO has signed the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI) in April 2011. FMO is one of the first development banks to join.

UNPRI provides a framework for investors to incorporate environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) issues into mainstream investment decision-making and ownership practices, enabling them to better align their objectives with those of society at large.

The United Nations-backed Principles for Responsible Investment Initiative (PRI) is a network of international investors working together to put the six Principles for Responsible Investment into practice.

Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN)

In May 2011, FMO became a member of the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN), a not-for-profit organization dedicated to increasing the effectiveness of impact investing - for-profit investment made to solve social and environment problems.

The GIIN supports collaboration, develops industry infrastructure, and undertakes research and advocacy to foster a coherent impact investing industry. The GIIN's programmatic agenda is rooted in the challenges investors face. It serves as a forum for identifying and addressing the systemic barriers that hinder the impact investing industry's efficiency and effectiveness.

The GIIN Investors' Council is a diverse group of leading impact investors committed to building a coherent industry that effectively channels investment capital to address social and environmental challenges at scale.

UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative  (UNEP FI)

UNEP FI is a global partnership between UNEP and the financial sector. Over 200 institutions, including banks, insurers and fund managers, work with UNEP to understand the impacts of environmental and social considerations on financial performance.

FMO joined UNEP FI on 1 November 1999 and has been actively working in various Regional Taskforces, the Working Group on the GRI supplement for Financial Institutions, and the Working Group on Sustainability Management & Reporting.

UNEP FI works closely with over 200 financial institutions who are Signatories to the UNEP FI Statements, and a range of partner organisations to develop and promote linkages between sustainability and financial performance.

Equator Principles

The Equator Principles are a credit risk management framework for determining, assessing and managing environmental and social risk in project finance transactions.

The Equator Principles are based on the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards on social and environmental sustainability and on the World Bank Group Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines (EHS Guidelines).  

FMO started to apply World Bank/IFC policies and guidelines to all its financing in 2000, including investments below the Equator Principles’ threshold amount. FMO adopted the Equator Principles in 2005, integrated the second generation Equator Principles in 2006 and integrated the third generation in 2014. Although this has not affected FMO’s financing criteria, it does express our endorsement of the principle of mainstreaming sustainability considerations in financial best practice throughout the sector.

Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance Development Framework

see also:

Given the strong links between good corporate governance and sustainable economic development, improving corporate governance practices has become an important element of the development mission of financial institutions.

To advance this cause, 31 Financial Institutions signed in 2007 the “Approach Statement on Corporate Governance” and created a Working Group. The Working Group has since developed the Corporate Governance Development Framework (“Framework”), a common methodology for assessing corporate governance in investee companies, which includes a set of tools to help with the assessment. Signatories to this initiative are expected to implement the Framework at a pace and depth that suit their own circumstances and subject to their relevant internal approvals.

Promoting private equity and/or venture capital

Emerging Markets Private Equity Association

The Emerging Markets Private Equity Association (EMPEA) is an independent, global membership association whose mission is to catalyze private equity and venture capital investment in emerging markets.

Latin American Venture Capital Association

The Latin American Venture Capital Association (LAVCA) is a not-for-profit membership organization dedicated to supporting the growth of the private equity and venture capital industry in Latin America.

African Private Equity and Venture Capital Association

The African Private Equity and Venture Capital Association (AVCA) is a not-for-profit entity founded to promote, develop and stimulate private equity and venture capital in Africa.

Climate Change

Interact Climate Change Facility (ICCF)

ICCF is a limited liability company established to finance climate change and climate efficiency projects in developing economies. Investors are FMO together with nine other members of the Association of European bilateral development finance institutions (EDFI),  Agence Française de Développement (AFD)and the European Investment Bank (EIB).

Micro finance

The Netherlands Platform for Microfinance

Smart Campaign (Client Protection Principles)

The Smart Campaign is a global effort to unite microfinance leaders around a common goal: to keep clients as the driving force of the industry.

Social Performance Task Force

The Social Performance Task Force (SPTF) consists of over 1,000 members from all over the world and from every microfinance stakeholder group.

Transparency - reporting - indicators

Development Results Indicators Harmonization Working Group

The group of International Finance Institutions (IFI) is working towards greater harmonization of development results measurement among IFIs.

Global Reporting Initiative

GRI sets a global standard for reporting

Business promotion platforms

International Chamber of Commerce Nederland

ICC is the “policy and standard maker” for world business. ICC promotes free trade and investment, honest competition and protection of intellectual property.

Nederlandse Vereniging van Banken

NVB was established in 1989 to represent the common interests of the Dutch banks.

Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion

The NCH is an independent federation of 35 business councils each focused on a different country. They organize various activities for entrepreneurs who work or wish to work in the specific countries.